Deserts in the World

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A desert is a landscape or region that receives very little precipitation – less than 250 mm per year (about ten inches). Approximately 1/3 of Earth’s land surface is a desert.

There are four different types of deserts in the world based upon their geographic situation of             Earth Continents :

  • Polar Desert
  • Subtropical Deserts
  • Cold winter Deserts
  • Cool Coastal Deserts.

This is the list of the Deserts in the world by area and related information

Biggest Deserts in the World Location     Area         (sq km) Area       (sq miles) Related Information
Antarctic desert Antarctic 138,00,000 5,32,818 Ice desert with an average ice thickness of about 2.2 km, low-temperature record of -89.2 degrees (measured at Vostok research station).
Arctic desert Canada, Alaska,Greenland, Iceland, Russia, Finland 137,00,000 5,28,957 Ice desert with temperatures as low as -60°.
Sahara Egypt, Mali,Algeria, Libya,Niger, Chad,Sudan, Tunisia, Mauritania 90,00,000 3,47,490 Ca. 37 times bigger than the UK, located in 11 countries, about 45 mm of rain p.a., extreme temperature fluctuations between 60° to minus 10° C.
Rub al Khali (Arabian Desert) Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen 23,00,000 88,803 About 9 times as large as the UK, lies to the east of the Sahara on the Arabian Peninsula. With about 10 mm of rainfall a year, it is one of the driest deserts in the world.
Gobi Mongolia, PR China 12,00,000 46,332 Extremely dry, sandy desert with temperatures between 30° (daytime) and -65° C at night, 33 mm of rain p.a., extends south to within 70 km of Beijing.
Kalahari Botswana, Namibia, South Africa 9,00,000 34,749 Mostly (red) sand desert, in the north (Botswana) it borders on the animal rich Okavango Delta.
Patagonian desert Argentina 6,73,000 25,985 Rock and gravel desert, ideal backdrop for Westerns, average rainfall 100 mm / year.
Great Victoria Desert Australia 6,50,000 25,097 Situated in the middle of the continent, about three times larger than the UK, 150-220 mm rain annually, particularly worth seeing: the crescent-shaped dunes of clay.
Syrian Desert Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia 5,25,000 20,270 Covers about 65% of the Syrian land area.
Great Basin Desert USA (Colorado, Utah) 5,00,000 19,305 Located in the Sierra Nevada Ranch, considered one of the so-called “cold deserts”, to the east are the Rocky Mountains.
Great Sandy Desert Western Australia 3,70,500 14,305 So hot and dry that it is uninhabitable in many parts.
Chihuahua Mexico / USA 3,63,000 14,015 Pronounced “She-wow-wah”, the famousWhite Sands dunes are found here.
Takla Makan PR China 3,27,000 12,625 In English: “no return”. Silk Road desert with Kara Buran sandstorms.
Gibson Western Australia 3,11,000 12,008 Named after Alfred Gibson who died when during the first crossing in 1873.
Kyzyl Kum Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan 3,00,000 11,583 Its name means red sand.
Karakum Turkmenistan 2,78,000 10,734 Very sparse but rich in mineral resources such as petroleum.
Lut Iran 2,74,000 10,579 Biggest desert in Iran, salt desert.
Thar Indo-Pakistan. Border 2,60,000 10,039 About the size of Great Britain.
Somalia Somalia 2,60,000 10,039 Only some 13% of Somalia is arable land.
Simpson Central Australia, Queensland 2,60,000 10,039 Largest sand dune desert in the world.
Sonora USA (California) / Mexico 1,81,000 6988 Home of the famous “Saguaro Cacti” which grow up to 15 m high.
Atacama Northern Chile 1,80,000 6950 Regarded as the driest desert in the world. Only rains about every 30 years.
Namib Namibia 1,50,000 5792 Extremely arid desert. Only plant life – Welwitschia mirabilis – survives for up to 1000 years.
Mojave USA 65,000 2510 Here is the famous Death Valley. The hottest place on earth (heat record: 57° C).
Negev Israel 12,000 463 Accounts for more than half (about 58 %) of the State of Israel.


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