Facts of Energy

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We use energy to do everything. There are many different types of energy but they can be divided into two main types: kinetic energy and potential energy. Kinetic energy is energy in motion. Potential energy is energy stored in an object at rest. Energy cannot be created or destroyed but it can be transferred from one body to the next.

Energy Related Facts

  • The word energy comes from the Greek word energeia meaning activity.
  • The world’s largest solar power plant is located in Mojave Desert in the USA.
  • Wind turbines are used to convert wind energy into a more useful form of energy such as electricity.
  • Light and sound are both types of energy.
  • The use of the word energy dates all the way back to the 4th century BC.
  • During photosynthesis, plants use energy from the sun to make their own food and produce oxygen.
  • Albert Einstein developed the formula E = mc2 which is used to calculate the amount of energy.
  • The calories in the food you eat are a form of chemical energy.
  • Without energy, we would not be able to stay alive.
  • Energy is normally measured in a unit called a joule.
  • Around 13% of the world’s electricity is produced by nuclear power.
  • Solar energy results when sunlight is changed into electricity.
  • During a chemical reaction, such as when baking soda and vinegar are mixed, chemical energy is converted to light and/or heat.
  • When objects stretch, such as a rubber band or a trampoline, energy is produced.
  • When power or energy is generated from running or moving water, it is called hydropower.


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