Indian Flag Founder: Shri Pingali Venkayya

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Life Story


  • Shri Pingali Venkayya, the designer of the Indian National Flag.
  • Venkayya version was the first Indian Flag design for Indian National Congress and subsequently modify in 1947.
  • March 31, 1921 in the Indian National Congress conference held in Kakinada, conceived the idea of a National Flag,
  • The design was approved by Mahatma Gandhi with a few modification in the year 1947. while Lala Hansraj added the Dharm Chakra ( Wheel of Law) to it and Gandhi requested a white strip.


  • Belong to Brahmin Family
  • Born on August 2, 1876 to Hanumantharayudu in Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • Died July 4,1963 at Vijayawada, Andhrapradesh, India.
  • Shri Pingali Venkayya Garu is also known as Diamond Venkayya, Patti Venkayya, cotton Venkayya.
  • He was an Indian Freedom fighter
  • He was largely forgotten by the society and by his own party.
  • His whole life was in poverty, and at the time of his death he was is in own hut.


  • After finishing his primary education at Challapalli
  • Complete the schooling from Hindu High School.
  • Went to Colombo to complete his Senior Cambridge.
  • Quest for Education, he went to Lahore to joined the Anglo Vedic College
  • Learnt Japanese, Urdu and History .
  • Due to immense knowledge in Geology and obtained a doctorate
  • He setup and educational institution in his home town Machilipatnam


  • Joined British Army with a patriotic zeal in the age of 19 and took a part in the Anglo-Boer war in Africa.
  • While in Africa he met Mahatma Gandhi and their rapport lasted for more than 50 years.
  • Worked as a Railway Guard, His patriotic zeal, did not permit him to stagnate in a permanent job.

Postage Stamp : Issued commemorate him in 2009 and in 2011.

Cambodia Cotton: Came up with special study in field of crops, British rulers awarded him by Patti Venkayya.

Diamond Venkayya: An Authority person of Diamond mining in Andhra Pradesh, India.

  • From 1906 to 1911, Pingali spent most of his time researching staple varieties of crops and came up with the study on a special variety called Cambodia Cotton.
  • He was an authority on Diamond mining in Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • He spent 5 years 1916-21 researching flags of 30 countries and finally came up with the present tricolor.



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