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CBSE- Grade 12 Chemistry Syllabus

Your latest CBSE syllabus for class 12 Chemistry along with study material and question paper pattern. It is important to know which are the units and chapters included in class 12 chemistry syllabus along with NCERT solutions so that you get to know the new units added which were not the part of syllabus last year and whether any of the previous chapters and topics are deleted.

CBSE is always concerned about the results and performances of students in their academics and therefore imparts modifications in class 12 chemistry syllabus after proper studies and discussions with the board members. Every change points towards the overall development and advancement of the students by keeping the importance of primary education and role of future generations in the economic growth.

The list of units in class 12 Chemistry is mentioned below.


  1. Solid State
  2. Solutions
  3. Electrochemistry
  4. Chemical Kinetics
  5. Surface Chemistry
  6. General Principle and Process of Isolation of Elements
  7. The p-Block Elements
  8. The d- and f- Block Elements
  9. Coordination Compounds
  10. Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  11. Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  12. Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxyllic Acids
  13. Amines
  14. Biomolecules
  15. Polymers
  16. Chemistry in Everyday Life

1.A. General characteristics of solid state, Amorphous and crystalline solids
1.B. Classification of crystalline solids: molecular and ionic solids
1.C. Classification of crystalline solids: covalent and metallic solids
1.D. Crystal lattices and unit cell
1.E. Number of atoms in a unit cell
1.F. Close packed structure in one and two dimension
1.G. Close packing in three dimensions
1.H. Formula of a compounds and number of voids filled
1.I. Packing efficiency
1.J. Calculation involving unit cell dimension: density of unit cell
1.K. Imperfections in solids
1.L. Electrical properties
1.M. Band theory of metals
1.N. Magnetic properties

2.A. Types of solutions
2.B. Expressing concentration of solutions
2.C. Solubility: solubility of solid in liquid
2.D. Solubility of gas in a liquid
2.E. Raoult’s law
2.F. Colligative properties and determination of molar mass: relative lowering of
vapour pressure

2.G. Elevation of boiling point
2.H. Depression of freezing point
2.I. Osmosis and osmotic pressure
2.J. Reverse osmosis and water purification
2.H. Abnormal molar mass: Van’t Hoff factor
3.A. Electrochemical cells
3.B. Galvanic cells
3.C. Measurement of electrode potential
3.D. Nernst equation > 100
3.E. equilibrium constant from Nernst equation
3.F. Electrochemical cell and Gibbs free energy of reaction
3.G. Conductance of electrolytic cell
3.H. Measurement of conductivity of ionic solutions
3.I. Variation of conductivity and molar conductivity with concentration
3.J. Kohlrausch law
3.K. Electrolytic cell and electrolysis
3.L. Products of electrolysis
3.M. Batteries
3.N. Fuel cell
3.O. Corrosion
4.A. Rate of chemical reaction
4.B. Factors influencing rate of reaction
4.C. Rate expression and rate constant
4.D. Order and molecularity of reaction
4.E. Integrated rate equations
4.F. Half life of a reaction
4.G. Pseudo first order reaction
4.H. Temperature dependence of rate of reaction
4.I. Arrhenious equation
4.J. Effect of catalyst
4.K. Collision theory of chemical reactions
5.A. Adsorption: distinction between adsorption and absorption and mechanism
5.B. Types of adsorption
5.C. Adsorption isotherms and application of adsorption
5.D. Catalysis
5.E. Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalyst
5.F. Adsorption theory of heterogeneous catalyst
5.G. Enzyme catalysis
5.H. Colloids and classification of colloids
5.I. “Classification based on types of particles of dispersed phase, multimolecular,
macromolecular and associated colloids”

5.J. Preparation of colloids
5.K. purification of colloidal solution
5.L. Properties of colloidal solution
5.M. Coagulation
5.N. Emulsions
5.o. Colloids around us
6.A. Occurrence of metals
6.B. Concentration of ores
6.C. Extraction of crude metals from concentrated ore
6.D. Thermodynamics principle of metallurgy
6.E. Application of thermodynamics principle: extraction of iron from iron oxide
6.F. Extraction of copper from cuprous oxide
6.G. Extraction of zinc from zinc oxide
6.H. Electrochemical principle of metallurgy
6.I. Oxidation and reduction
6.J. “Refining: distillation, liquation, electrolysis, zone refining, Vapour phase
refining and chromatographic methods”

6.K. Uses of copper, iron and zinc
7.A. Occurrence
7.B. Group 15 elements: general characteristics
7.C. Physical and chemical properties of group 15 elements
7.D. Dinitrogen
7.E. Ammonia and nitric acid
7.F. Oxides of nitrogen
7.G. Phosphorous allotropic form
7.H. Phosphine
7.I. Phosphorus halide
7.J. oxoacids of phosphorus
7.K. Group 16 elements: occurence
7.L. Group 16 elements: general characteristics
7.M. Physical and chemical properties of group 16 elements
7.N. Dioxygen
7.O. Simple oxides
7.P. Ozone
7.Q. sulphur allotropic form
7.R. Sulphur dioxide
7.S. Oxoacids of sulphur
7.T. Sulphuric acid
7.U. Group 17 elements: occurrence
7.V. Group 17 elements: general characteristics
7.W. Physical and chemical properties of group 17 elements
7.X. Chlorine, Hydrogen chloride
7.Y. Oxoacids of halogens
7.Z. Interhalogen compounds
7.Z1. Group 18 elements: general characteristics
7.Z2. Group 18 elements: occurence
7.Z3. Physical and chemical properties of group 18 elements
7.Z4. Uses of noble gases
8.A. Electronic configuration
8.B. occurrence and characteristics of transition metals
8.C. general trends in properties of the first row transition metals – metallic character
8.D. ionization enthalpy
8.E. oxidation states
8.F. colour
8.G. catalytic property
8.H. magnetic properties
8.I. interstitial compounds
8.J. alloy formation
8.K. preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4
8.L. Electronic configuration: lanthanide
8.M. oxidation states
8.N. chemical reactivity and lanthanide contraction
8.O. Electronic configuration, ionic size , oxidation state: actinides
8.P. oxidation states and comparison with lanthanides
8.Q. Some application of d- and f- block elements
9.A. Werner’s theory of coordination compound
9.B. Definition of some important terms pertaining to coordination compounds
9.C. Nomenclature of coordination compounds
9.D. Isomerism in coordination compounds
9.E. Bonding ion coordination compounds: valence bond theory
9.F. Magnetic properties of coordination compounds
9.G. Crystal field theory
9.H. Colour in coordination compounds
9.I. Limitations to crystal field theory
9.J. Bonding in metal carbonyls and stability of coordination compounds
9.K. Importance and application of coordination compounds
10.A. Classification
10.B. Nomenclature
10.C. Nature of c-x bond
10.D. Method of preparation
10.E. Physical properties
10.F. Chemical reactions
10.G. Mechanism of SN1 and SN2 reaction
10.H. Grignard Reagent
10.I. Optical activity and chirality
10.J. Reaction of haloarenes
10.K. Electrophilic substitution reactions and reaction with metals
10.L. Freons, DDT, trichloromethane
10.M. tetrachloromethane
10.N. iodoform
11.A. Classification
11.B. Nomenclature of alcohols
11.C. Structures of functional group
11.D. Methods of preparation
11.E. physical and chemical properties( of primary alcohols only)
11.F. identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols
11.G. mechanism of dehydration
11.H. uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol
11.I. Phenols: Nomenclature
11.J. methods of preparation
11.K. physical and chemical properties
11.L. acidic nature of phenol
11.M. electrophilic substitution reactions
11.N. uses of phenols
11.O. Ethers: Nomenclature
11.P. methods of preparation
11.Q. Physical and chemical properties
12.A. Nomenclature and structure of carbonyl compounds
12.B. methods of preparation of aldehydes
12.C. methods of preparation of ketones
12.D. physical and chemical properties
12.E. nucleophilic addition reactions
12.F. reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes
12.G. uses of aldehydes and ketones
12.H. Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature
12.I. acidic nature
12.J. methods of preparation
12.K. physical properties and acidity
12.L. Chemical properties
12.M. uses
13.A. Structure and classification
13.B. Amines: Nomenclature
13.C. methods of preparation
13.D. physical properties of amines
13.E. Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines
13.F. Electrophilic substitution of amines
13.G. chemical properties (basicity and acylation)
13.H. Diazonium salts: methods of preparation
13.I. Chemical reaction of diazonium salts I
13.J. Chemical reaction of diazonium salts II
13.K. Importance of diazonium salts
14.A. Carbohydrates – Classification (aldoses and ketoses)
14.B. monosaccharides (glucose)
14.C. monosaccharides (Fructose)
14.D. Disaccharides ( sucrose,lactose,maltose)
14.E. polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen) importance
14.F. Proteins – Elementary idea of α – amino acids and classification
14.G. structure of proteins, fibrous and globular proteins
14.H. denaturation of proteins
14.I. enzymes
14.J. Hormones – Elementary idea excluding structure
14.K. Vitamins – Classification and functions
14.L. Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA
14.M. Biological function of nucleic acid
15.A. Classification of polymers
15.B. methods of polymerization (addition and condensation)
15.C. Preparation of important addition polymers
15.D. Preparation of important condensation polymers: polyamides, polyesters
15.E. Bakelite, melamine-formaldehyde polymers
15.F. copolymerization
15.G. Molecular mass of polymer and biodegradable polymers
15.H. rubber
15.I. Polymers of commercial importance
16.A. Drugs and their classification
16.B. Drug-target interaction
16.C. Therapeutic action of different classes of drugs: antacids
16.D. Antihistamines
16.E. Neurologically active drug: Tranquilizers antiseptics
16.F. Chemicals in medicines – analgesics
16.G. Antimicrobials: antibiotics
16.H. Antiseptic and disinfectants
16.I. Antifertility drugs
16.J. Antioxidants
16.K. Chemicals in food – preservations
16.L. Artificial sweetening agents
16.M. Cleansing agents: soap and detergents