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CBSE- Grade 12 Physics Syllabus

CBSE is known to be among the most reputed boards that provides education by imparting comprehensive syllabus in appropriate manner.Class 12 Physics can be helpful in providing adequate knowledge on the concerned topics and the units mentioned in the syllabus. The class 12 syllabus is accessible online and can be downloaded in any format easily.


  1. Electric Charges and Fields
  2. Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
  3. Current Electricity
  4. Moving Charges and Magnetism
  5. Magnetism and Matter
  6. Electromagnetic Induction
  7. Alternating Current
  8. Electromagnetic Waves
  9. Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
  10. Wave Optics
  11. Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
  12. Atoms
  13. Nuclei
  14. Semiconductor Electronics: Material Devices and Simple
  15. Communication System

1.A. Electric charge: conservation
1.B. Conductors and insulators
1.C. Charging by induction
1.D. Basic principle of electric charge
1.E. Coulomb’s law
1.F. Forces between multiple charges
1.G. Electric field
1.H. Electric field lines
1.I. Electric flux
1.J. Electric dipole
1.K. Dipole in a uniform external field
1.L. Continuous charge distribution
1.M. Gauss’s law
1.N. Application of Gauss’s law

2.A. Electrostatic potential
2.B. Potential due to a point charge
2.C. Potential due to an electric diple
2.D. Potential due to a system of charges
2.E. Equipotential surfaces
2.F. Potential energy of system of charges
2.G. Potential energy in an external field
2.H. Electrostatics of conductor
2.I. Dielectrics and polarisation
2.J. Capacitors and capacitance
2.H. The parallel plate capacitor
2.I. Effect of dielectric on capacitance
2.J. Combinaion of capacitors
2.K. Energy stored in a capacitor
2.L. Van De Graff’s generator
3.A. Electric current
3.C. Ohm’s law and its limitations
3.D. Drift of electrons and origin of resistivity
3.E. Resisitivity of various materials
3.F. Temperature dependence of resistivity
3.G. Electric energy, power
3.H. Combination of resistors
3.I. Cells, EMF, internal resistance
3.J. Cells in series and parallel
3.K. Kirchoff’s rule
3.L. Wheatstone bridge, Meter bridge
3.M. Potentiometer

4.A. Magnetic force
4.B. Motion in a magnetic field
4.C. Motion in combined magnetic and electric field
4.D. Measurement of time Biot Savart’s law, Magnetic field on the axis of circular current loop
4.E. Ampere’s circuital law
4.F. The solenoid and toroid
4.G. Force between two parallel current, the ampere
4.H. “Toreque on current loop, magnetic dipole : Torque on a rectangular current loop in a magnetic field”
4.I. Circular current loop as magnetic dipole
4.J. The magnetic dipole moment of revolving electron
4.K. The moving coil galvanometer
5.A. The bar magnet: magnetic field line, bar magnet as solenoid
5.B. The dipole in a uniform magnetic field and the electrostatic analog
5.C. Magnetism and Gauss’s law
5.D. The earth’s magnetism
5.E. Magnetisation and magnetic intensity
5.F. Magnetic properties of material- Paramagnetism
5.G. dia- and ferro – magnetic substances
5.H. Permanent magnets and electromagnets
6.A. The experiments of faraday and henry
6.B. Magnetic flux
6.C. Faraday’s law of induction
6.D. Lenz’s law and conservation of energy
6.E. Motional electromotive force
6.F. Energy consideration : A quantative study
6.G. Eddy current
6.H. Inductance: self and mutual inductance
6.I. AC generator
7.A. Peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage
7.B. AC voltage applied to a resistor
7.C. Representation of AC current and voltage by rotating vectors- phasors
7.D. AC voltage applied to an inductor
7.E. AC voltage applied to a conductor
7.F. AC voltage applied to a series LCR circuit: phasor diagram solution
7.G. AC voltage applied to a series LCR circuit: analytical solution
7.H. Resonance
7.I. Power of AC circuit: power factor
7.J. LC oscillation
7.K. Transformers
8.A. Displacement current
8.B. Electromagnetic waves: source
8.C. Nature of electromagnetic waves
8.D. electromagnetic spectrum
8.E. Radio waves
8.F. microwaves
8.G. infrared
8.H. visible
8.I. ultraviolet
8.J. X-rays
8.K. gamma rays
9.A. Reflection of light by spherical mirrors
9.B. Mirror formula
9.C. Refraction of light
9.D. Total internal reflection and its applications
9.E. Optical fibres
9.F. Refraction at spherical surfaces
9.G. Lenses
9.H. Thin lens formula and magnification
9.I. Lensmakers formula
9.J. Power of a lens
9.K. Combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror
9.L. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism
9.M. Blue colour of sky and reddish apprearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset
9.N. Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers
10.A. Huygens principle
10.B. Reflection and refraction of a plane wave
10.C. Doppler effect
10.D. Coherrent and incoherrent addition of waves
10.E. Interference of light waves and young’s experiment
10.F. Diffraction
10.G. Resolving power of optical instrument and validity of ray optics
10.H. Polarisation
10.I. Polarization by scattering
10.J. Polarization by reflection
11.A. Electron emission
11.B. Photoelectric effect: Hertz and Lenard’s observation
11.C. Experimental study of photoelectric effect
11.D. Einstein’s photoelectric effect: energy quantum of radiation
11.E. Particle nature of light: photon
11.F. Wave nature of matter
11.G. Davisson and Germer experiment
12.A. Alpha- particle scattering and Rutherford’s nuclear model of atom
12.B. Atomic spectra
12.C. Bohr’s model of hydrogen atom
12.D. Energy levels
12.E. Line spectra and the hydrogen atom
12.F. De Brogli’s explanation of Bohr’s second postulate of quantisation
13.A. Atomic masses and composition of nucleus
13.B. Size of nucleus
13.C. Mass-energy and nuclear binding energy
13.D. Nuclear force
13.E. Radioactivity- law of radioactive decay
13.F. Alpha decay
13.G. Beta decay
13.H. Gamma decay
13.I. Nuclear energy: fission
13.J. Nuclear reactor
13.K. Nuclear fusion: energy generation in stars
13.L. Controlled thermonuclear fusion
14.A. Classification of metal, conductors and semiconductors, insulators
14.B. Intrinsic semiconductors
14.C. Extrinsic semiconductors
14.D. P-n junction
14.E. Semiconductor diodes
14.F. Application of junction diode as rectifier
14.G. Special purpose p-n junction diode: Zenner diode
14.H. Optoelectronic jnction devices: photodiode
14.I. Light emitting diode
14.J. Solar cell
14.K. Junction transistor: structure and action
14.L. Basic transistor circuit configuration and transistor characteristics
14.M. Transistor as a device (amplifier)
14.N. Feedback amplifier and transistor oscillator
14.O. Digital electronics and logic gates
14.P. Integrated circuits
15.A. Element of a communication system
15.B. Basic terminology used in electronic communication system
15.C. Bandwidth of signals
15.D. Bandwidth of transmission medium
15.E. Propagation of electromagnetic waves:ground wave
15.F. Propagation of electromagnetic waves:sky wave
15.G. Propagation of electromagnetic waves:space wave
15.H. Modulation and its necessity
15.I.  Amplitude modulation
15.J. Detection of amplitude modulated wave